ACEA E9-16

Overview

ACEA E9-16 is a new mid SAPS1 requirement Ultra High Performance Diesel (UHPD) lubricants for use in mid drain applications.

ACEA recommend ACEA E9-16 for use in vehicles fitted with advanced exhaust aftertreatment systems for the reduction of particulate matter (DPFs) and the oxides of nitrogen (EGR and/or SCR) in combination with low sulphur diesel fuel.

The main physical and chemical requirements anticipated for ACEA E9-16 are shown below:

Requirement Method Unit Limit
HTHS viscosity CEC L-36-A-90 mPa.s ≥ 3.5
Sulphated Ash ASTM D874 %wt ≤ 1.0
Phosphorus ASTM D5185 %wt ≤ 0.12
Sulphur ASTM D5185 %wt ≤ 0.4
Evaporation loss (NOACK) CEC L-40-A-93 % ≤ 13
Total Base Number ASTM D2896 mgKOH/g ≥ 7

The requirements of the Cummins ISM test place emphasis on enhanced soot related wear control for ACEA E9-16. The removal of the Mack T-11 and inclusion of the Mack T8-E test now aligns E9-16 with other E categories with regard to soot handling performance requirements. 

E9-16 anticipates baseline performance for Euro VI emission legislation, which has led to extensive adoption of DPFs on vehicles in Europe.

Note 1 : SAPS refers to Sulphated Ash, Phosphorus and Sulphur, the levels of which are often restricted in the latest performance specifications.

Changes

A number of changes to the requirements for ACEA E9-16 have been introduced in the ACEA 2016 issue of the oil sequences.

The changes for ACEA E9-16 are summarised below:

Test Change for ACEA 2016
CEC L-112 New elastomers for the oil elastomer compatibility tests
CEC L-109 New oxidation test with biodiesel -Check
CEC L-104 (OM 646 Bio) New CEC L-104 Biodiesel impacted piston cleanliness and engine sludge test - E6/E9 only
Shear Stability Test can now be run using CEC L-014-93 or ASTM D7019 for 30 cycles, and ASTM D7019 only for 90 cycles

Relative Performance

The relative performance diagrams presented below compare Lubrizol's interpretation of the performance requirements of ACEA 2016 E9-16 oil sequence with the ACEA 2016 E7-16 oil sequence.

ACEA E9-16 and ACEA E7-16 

This comparison illustrates how both sequences are expected to provide similar performance in terms of bore polishing and piston cleanliness. However, ACEA E9-16 is expected to provide a higher level of performance in terms of corrosion protection, soot handling, aftertreatment compatibility and wear protection than ACEA E7-16.

The relative performance diagrams presented below compare Lubrizol's interpretation of the performance of the ACEA 2016 E9-16 oil sequence with the ACEA 2016 E6-16 oil sequence. The introduction of new biodiesel tests are reflected across the relevant axis in the performance tool.

ACEA E6-16 and ACEA E9-16 

This comparison illustrates how ACEA E9-16 is expected to provide a greater level of corrosion protection, wear protection and soot handling than ACEA E6-16. ACEA E6-16 has a higher level of aftertreatment system compatibility, piston cleanliness and bore polish resistance.

Click here to see Lubrizol's Relative Performance Tool.

Disclaimer
The relative performance diagrams represent an interpretation made by The Lubrizol Corporation (""Lubrizol"") of various rules and specifications. They are not a literal translation of a performance specification and should not be used as a replacement for evaluating engine oil performance in accordance with the relevant vehicle manufacturer's requirements. They are presented to assist the reader in visualizing some of the parameters that need to be considered and balanced when formulating a lubricant. Lubrizol accepts no liability for any losses or damages incurred by the user as a result of them relying on the interpretation made by Lubrizol. Readers are advised to consult the specific rules for greater detail with regard to meeting the requirements as set forth in any specification.