ACEA C4-10

Overview

ACEA C4 oils are Top Tier lower SAPS1 lubricants. They are designed for use in high performance gasoline and light duty diesel engines where advanced aftertreatment systems such as Diesel Particulate Filters (DPFs) and Three Way Catalysts (TWC) are used.

ACEA C4 oils are typically SAE 5W-30 based on API Group III base oils. The main physical and chemical requirements for ACEA C4 are shown below:

Requirement Method Unit Limit
HTHS viscosity CEC L-36-A-90 cP ≥ 3.5
Sulphated Ash ASTM D874 %wt ≤ 0.5
Phosphorus ASTM D5185 %wt ≤ 0.090
Sulphur ASTM D5185 %wt ≤ 0.2
Evaporation loss (NOACK) CEC L-40-A-93 % ≤ 11
Total Base Number ASTM D2896 mgKOH/g ≥ 6

The high HTHS (≥3.5cP) and low sulphated ash (≤0.5%) required by ACEA C4 limits the number of additional performance claims that can be coupled with ACEA C4.

ACEA C4 is usually coupled with Renault RN0720.

Renault's RN0720 performance specification builds on top of an ACEA C4 baseline with additional performance requirements in areas such as detergency, oxidation and durability.

Note 1 : SAPS refers to Sulphated Ash, Phosphorus and Sulphur, the levels of which are often restricted in the latest performance specifications.

Changes

ACEA C4 was first introduced into the ACEA Oil Sequences in 2007, and many of the changes made for other sequences in ACEA 2010, such as increased sludge handling, were already incorporated in ACEA 2007 C4-07.

For ACEA 2010 the inclusion of the new OM646LA engine test, as a replacement for the OM602A, raises the diesel wear protection performance demanded from ACEA C4 oils.

The changes for ACEA 2010 are summarised below:

Test Change for ACEA 2010
OM602A Removed.
OM646LA New test added

Relative Performance

The relative performance diagrams presented below compare Lubrizol's interpretation of the performance of requirements of the existing ACEA 2007 C4-07 oil sequence with the ACEA 2010 version. As shown, ACEA 2010 C4-10 represents an upgrade in wear protection.

Disclaimer
The relative performance diagrams represent an interpretation made by The Lubrizol Corporation ("Lubrizol") of various rules and specifications. They are not a literal translation of a performance specification and should not be used as a replacement for evaluating engine oil performance in accordance with the relevant vehicle manufacturer's requirements. They are presented to assist the reader in visualizing some of the parameters that need to be considered and balanced when formulating a lubricant. Lubrizol accepts no liability for any losses or damages incurred by the user as a result of them relying on the interpretation made by Lubrizol. Readers are advised to consult the specific rules for greater detail with regard to meeting the requirements as set forth in any specification.